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Adventist Youth Honors Answer Book/Vocational/House Painting, Interior

Home Portray, Inside
Basic Convention
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Yr of Introduction: 1938

1. Clarify and exhibit easy methods to put together and end new or previous woodwork within the following methods: a. Staining b. Varnishing c. Portray[edit]

The important thing to end is floor preparation. Whether or not you might be staining, varnishing, or portray, the floor have to be clear. How it’s cleaned relies upon extra on the suface being completed than on the tactic used to complete it.

Don’t paint over dust, cobwebs, or unfastened paint. For drywall, begin by vacuuming all of the cobwebs and mud. Then use a family cleaner and wash the partitions down. Enable them to dry. Scrape off any unfastened paint. If it doesn’t all come off, sand the zone between the place it did come off and the place it could to not remove any ridges (these ridges will change into way more obvious after portray).

In kitchens, the cleansing is very necessary, as surfaces can have been coated with grease. This have to be eliminated, or the lifetime of the paint job will likely be severely curtailed.

In loos, verify for mildew. If any is discovered, it have to be killed with an answer consisting of 1 half bleach, three elements water. Mildew is a residing factor. For those who merely wash it off and paint over it, it’s positive to come back again. Watch out to not get any bleach in your clothes, as it’s going to trigger it to discolor. After getting wiped the bleach answer on the wall (or sprayed it on), permit it to take a seat for 15 minutes to do its work. Then rinse it off with clear water.

The following factor to do is deal with any defects within the partitions. Don’t assume that the paint will cowl them. Paint is extra prone to amplify imperfections than it’s to cowl them. Cowl any holes with spackling compound, utilizing a putty knife or a taping knife. Reseat any nail pops, setting them under the floor (one remaining blow with the hammer will put a small dent within the wall – that is really desired). Then fill the opening with joint compound and wipe it off with a taping knife.

Bigger imperfections needs to be re-enforced and lined with drywall tape and a layer of joint compound. Work the joint compound with a taping knife till it’s as easy as you can also make it. Enable it to dry, then sand it. If essential, add a second layer of joint compound. Enable it to dry and sand it.

For naked wooden, sand out any imperfections and glue down any splits or nail pops. Sand over any glued areas as soon as the glue dries (stain and polish will present you precisely the place there may be glue as a substitute of wooden, and you do not need this to occur). Wipe the wooden down with a fabric dampened with no matter solvent is used for cleansing the end (that’s, if the end is cleaned out of the brushes with turpentine, wipe the wooden down with turpentine). Seek the advice of the product info on the can of end to find out the correct solvent.

Wooden that has already been stained might be ready by rubbing down with metal wool, adopted by a fabric dampened with the correct solvent (see above).

2. Give two strategies of stippling.[edit]

While you stipple, a glaze coat of 1 shade is utilized after which textured, revealing the undercoat of a base shade.
In each instances, a glaze is combined with latex paint at a 5:1 ratio (5 elements glaze, one half paint). Stippling needs to be carried out in small sections shifting from the highest of the wall to the underside in order that if there are drips or runs, it is not going to wreck the work already accomplished.

With both methodology start as follows:

  • Put together the floor as you’ll for any inside portray undertaking, repairing cracks, taping baseboards, eradicating outlet and lightweight change covers, and many others.
  • Paint the floor a light-weight shade for the undercoating.
  • Enable the bottom shade to dry utterly.
  • Combine the paint and glaze.

Brush Stippling[edit]

  • Utilizing a sponge, moist a small part of the wall. This can permit the glaze to go on fluidly.
  • Paint the glaze onto the dampened floor with a daily paint brush. Work the comb prime to backside, then facet to facet, then prime to backside once more, making criss-crosses.
  • Stipple the moist glaze by jabbing the underside of a stippling brush’s bristles onto the floor head-on. The comb needs to be perpendicular to the wall. Regularly alter the sample.
  • Go over the floor as soon as rapidly, after which return over it once more to refine the sample.

Sponge Stippling[edit]

  • Choose a pure sea sponge and lower it in half to kind a flat floor.
  • Put together the wall and paint the bottom shade as with brush stippling (described above).
  • Dip the sponge in a bucket of water after which wring it dry.
  • Press the sponge evenly right into a tray filled with paint.
  • Blot the sponge on a paper towel to take away extra paint.
  • Flippantly dab the sponge on the wall, making J or X patterns.
  • Overlap the patterns as you progress backward and forward and prime to backside.
  • Dip the sponge in water and wring it out once more often.

3. When ought to a paint spray gun be used?[edit]

A paint spray gun needs to be used when portray extremely textured surfaces. Examples of textured surfaces embrace stucco, cinder blocks, and rough-hewn lumber. These are very troublesome (however not not possible) to color with a curler or a brush.

Paint sprayers are a lot sooner than rollers and brushes, and they aren’t restricted to textured surfaces. For those who can shield areas which might be not to be painted, a sprayer can be utilized in virtually any space. Keep away from utilizing close to furnaces, ovens, and water heaters although except you’ll be able to extinguish (or forestall) open flames. Fuel water heaters, gasoline ovens, gasoline furnaces, propane furnaces, and oil furnaces all have open flames. Keep in mind that if the paint is flammable, so are the fumes.

4. Describe the correct strategies for cleansing and care of paint and polish brushes.[edit]

Correct cleansing begins earlier than you start to color. If utilizing a water-soluble paint, dip the comb in water. If utilizing a paint (or varnish) that isn’t water-soluble, dip the comb in no matter solvent is named for. Then shake the comb to take away extra water (or solvent). As soon as that is carried out, you might be able to dip the comb within the paint for the primary time.

When you’re completed portray, run water over the skin of the comb, letting it circulate away from the comb’s ferrule and off the tip of the bristles. Then fill an empty, clear paint can (or bucket) midway with water and add a pair tablespoons of dish washing liquid. Swirl the comb round within the soapy water, however don’t jab the bristles into the underside of the can. This can trigger the bristles to develop everlasting bends.

Rinse the comb in a second can (or bucket) of clear water. If the rinse water clouds up, return to the soapy water, after which rinse once more. Repeat till the rinse water doesn’t cloud up. Hold the comb to dry by the opening drilled within the tip of its deal with.[1]

5. Present easy methods to use putty correctly.[edit]

Putty is used to fill nail holes an blemishes in door and wind facings, baseboards, and crown moldings. It ought to have the consistency of paste. Tear off a small ball of putty and push it into the opening together with your finger. Then, nonetheless utilizing your finger, wipe it away, in order that some is left within the gap, however the prime is even with the floor of the wooden. Enable the putty to dry earlier than portray.

6. Clarify the distinction between exterior and inside paints.[edit]

Paint is made for inside or exterior use, and they’re made to have totally different traits.

Inside paint traits Exterior paint traits
Good scrubbing and stain resistance Colour retention/fade resistance
Means to cover/cowl (no matter is being painted over) Versatile (expands or contracts with climate adjustments)
Spatter resistance Mildew resistance
Simple contact up Sturdiness

7. Make a listing of ten correct shade schemes for inside home portray utilizing shade swatches from a paint store. Why are vibrant/loud colours not most popular?[edit]

Brilliant colours make it troublesome to calm down in a room, so they need to be averted in most inside areas.

Earlier than you go to the paint retailer, it could be a good suggestion to evaluate shade schemes. For this, we flip to the colour wheel, which exhibits all the colours of the rainbow biking from crimson, to yellow, to blue, and biking again to crimson once more. These are the main colours and all the opposite colours within the wheel might be shaped by mixing them collectively. If equal quantities of main colours are combined, we get a secondary shade: crimson and yellow make orange, yellow and blue make inexperienced, and blue and crimson make violet.

Mixing a secondary shade with an adjoining main varieties a tertiary shade. For instance, blue combined with inexperienced makes blue-green.

Black and white should not thought-about colours, although they do have an effect on the best way colours look. Mixing white with a shade produces a tint. Mixing black with a shade produces a shade.

Many sorts of shade schemes have been devised for all types of functions, however we’ll deal with three:

  • Monochromatic
  • Complementary
  • Analogous

From these three recipes, you’ll be able to simply make ten shade schemes (simply select a few totally different “base” colours for every till you have got ten).


On this scheme, just one shade is used, however numerous tints and shades are mixed, equivalent to blue, gentle blue, and darkish blue. The painter may additionally use numerous tints, equivalent to gentle blue, lighter blue, and a blue nonetheless lighter than that.


Complementary colours are colours which might be reverse one another on the colour wheel, equivalent to blue and orange, crimson and inexperienced, purple and yellow.

The excessive distinction between the colours creates a vibrant look, particularly when used at full saturation. Complementary colours might be difficult to make use of in massive doses.


Additionally referred to as harmonious colours, are colours which might be adjoining to one another on the colour wheel. Some examples are inexperienced, gentle inexperienced, and yellow or crimson, orange and yellow. Analogous shade schemes are sometimes present in nature and are pleasing to the attention.

8. Clarify the composition of and if you use the next paints[edit]

a. Oil primarily based[edit]

Oil paint is a kind of slow-drying paint that consists of particles of pigment suspended in a drying oil, generally linseed oil. The viscosity of the paint could also be modified by the addition of a solvent equivalent to turpentine or white spirit, and polish could also be added to extend the glossiness of the dried movie.

Oil-based paints are the higher alternative for high-traffic areas, for metallic surfaces, or for surfaces that will likely be uncovered to low temperatures. Oil-based paints additionally resist staining higher than water-based paints.

b. Water primarily based[edit]

Latex paint is a water-borne dispersion of sub-micrometre polymer particles. The time period “latex” within the context of paint merely means an aqueous dispersion; latex rubber (the sap of the rubber tree that has traditionally been referred to as latex) is just not an ingredient. These dispersions are ready by emulsion polymerization. Latex paints remedy by a course of referred to as coalescence the place first the water, after which the hint, or coalescing, solvent, evaporate and draw collectively and soften the latex binder particles and fuse them collectively into irreversibly sure networked buildings, in order that the paint is not going to redissolve within the solvent/water that initially carried it.

Water-based paints are greatest for any areas not suited to oil-based paints. They resist fading higher and are simpler to use. Clear up can also be a lot simpler, and the odor throughout software is much decrease than with oil-based paints.

9. Paint the woodwork of not less than 4 rooms.[edit]

The woodwork consists of the baseboards, door frames, window frames, and crown molding. This requirement means that the woodwork be painted a special shade than the partitions. It might even have a pure end (equivalent to varnish).

10. Paint not less than one room, displaying ability in protecting paint the place it belongs.[edit]

Paint belongs on the partitions and ceilings. It doesn’t belong on the ground, home windows, outlet and change covers, door knobs, latches, or hinges. Nor does it belong on lighting fixtures, smoke detectors, sprinklers, artwork work, mirrors, telephones, home equipment, or furnishings.

If the woodwork is to have a end distinct from the partitions, paint doesn’t belong there both.

How can we maintain paint the place it belongs?

  • Lay down a drop fabric.
  • Tape the baseboards, home windows, hinges.
  • Take away door knobs and change and outlet covers.
  • Transfer furnishings out of the room, or cowl it with a drop fabric.
  • Take away or tape lighting fixtures.
  • Don’t paint over smoke detectors – tape them off, and take away the tape when you find yourself completed.

Reasonably than taping, skilled painters normally use a method referred to as “chopping in.” With this method, an angled brush is used, and it’s stored principally dry. It would not take a lot paint to cowl trim. Put not more than an inch or two of paint in a bucket that has no lip. Grip the comb by the bristles as when you had been holding a pencil. Deal with the deal with as if it had been there solely to carry the bristles collectively, not as one thing you maintain the comb by.

Dip the comb not more than half in inch into the paint, then drag it dry alongside the wall of the bucket to take away the surplus paint. Then paint a line. The outer bristles kind the sharp fringe of the road. Follow on the wall earlier than you progress in to the vital areas.[2]

However generally regardless of our greatest efforts, paint does go the place it doesn’t belong. When that occurs do not panic – simply clear off the undesirable paint.

11. Inform and present easy methods to correctly retailer unused paint.[edit]

The important thing to storing unused paint is to stop air from reaching it. That is carried out by correctly sealing the can. Retailer paint the place is is not going to freeze.

Correct storage begins earlier than you open the can. Open the can with a key – a particular device made only for opening paint cans. Most paint shops gives you one if you purchase paint. If not, you should buy one – they are not costly (or shops would not be giving them away). Prying the lid off with a screwdriver will distort the lip making it not possible to attain a decent seal.

As soon as the can is open, don’t wipe a moist brush on the lip of the paint can. This varieties a chime which makes it troublesome to seal the can correctly. Use a plastic pouring cap to pour the paint right into a tray or right into a small bucket. For those who do get paint on the can’s lip, wipe it off with a fabric earlier than sealing it.

Place the lid on the can and faucet it closed with a rubber mallet.

Historic Notes[edit]

Home Portray – Inside, Home Portray – Exterior and Paperhanging had been initially one honor referred to as merely Home Portray. They had been separated into Housepainting and Paper Hanging in 1944, after which discontinued in 1956. They had been re-introduced in 2002 as three distinct honors.



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