History of Hong Kong/Imperial years/Song and Yuan


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The Track Dynasty noticed an unstable north. Because of this, the individuals from the north moved south, like within the Qin Dynasty. This meant yet one more sharp flip within the improvement of Hong Kong. Puntis began shifting to Hong Kong through the Track Dynasty, and guess what? This implies financial advantages. We’ll discuss each the Puntis and the financial system. The final two Princes of Track even escaped to Hong Kong. This might be one of many focuses of this chapter.

Historic occasions[edit]

Tuen Mun was a port of maximum significance by the Track Dynasty. Joss Home Bay was the one approach for individuals to go to Guangdong from Fujian and Zhejiang. The Lams, who later settled in Hong Kong, entered the town by Joss Home Bay. Two Lams went to Guangdong to commerce, however had been threw overboard and floated on a log, ending up on an island. Their descendents went to Po Kong, Kowloon and settled there. In 1254,[1]Li Angying, the 1st Baron of Panyu, was given 300 households to rule, which included Lantau Island.

The salt-making business belonged to the federal government through the Track Dynasty (see the socioeconomic improvement part under). Nonetheless, salt was a every day necessity. Because the Yaos couldn’t get any salt, some individuals colluded with them and made salt illegally. Round 1131–1149,[2]Zhu You seized Lantau Island, however later surrenderred to Track. Consequently, officers had been despatched to suppress the unlawful personal salt-making business, however in useless. By 1183,[3] the business was flourishing.

In 1197,[4] a bunch of Yao bandits, led by Wan Deng and Xu Shaokui, attacked Guangzhou. The Zhifu of Guangdong, Qian Zhiwang, prayed to the God of the Sea, then sought assist from the central authorities to defeat the Yaos. The Yaos’ ships had been burnt and Xu was taken alive. Qian ordered all of the residents of Lantau to be massacred, however a number of the thieves below Wan and Xu escaped to the Wanshan Archipelago.[5] Lantau was repopulated through the Yuan Dynasty.

A inspection and patrol workplace was additionally arrange through the Track Dynasty to pirates at bay.

Within the late Southern Track Dynasty, the Mongols had been increasing to the south, so the royals needed to transfer to the South, to Fujian and Guangdong. They included Zhao Shi, the Prince of Yi, and Zhao Bing, the Prince of Guang. Within the fifth month of 1276[6] that 12 months, little Shi was topped Emperor Duanzong, and made the Bing the Prince of Wei as nicely. The Mongols had been nonetheless headed south, so Shi needed to escape additional south of Guangdong. He handed Chaozhou, Huizhou, Dapeng[7] and to Guangzhou.

Within the following 12 months, the Mongols invaded Guangzhou. A lot of the lords surrenderred, however Shi moved to Meiyu[8] and resided at Tuen Mun. The rationale why Shi selected Lantau may very well be as a result of the island was reasonably populated and was sturdy in fishing and salt-making. Nonetheless, the shortage of a method of communication between the island and the mainland led to his defeat. He as soon as went east to see some historical pagodas, however went again to Tuen Mun. He then moved Qianwan,[9] however then moved to Xiushan[10] when Qianwan was attacked by the Mongols. He moved to Jingao, a spot in Macau. After being defeated in Macau, he went again to Gangzhou, Lantau. The precise location of Gangzhou is unknown, though historians consider it was round Tung Chung and Tai O. The emperor died there within the fourth month of 1278.[11] Six days later, Bing was topped emperor. He moved to Yashan and was defeated within the Battle of Yamen the next 12 months. Bing dedicated suicide, ending the Track Dynasty.

When Shi and Bing went to Hong Kong, the little emperors went to Sacred Hill to see the panoramic view Kownloon Bay. The spot they went to is now often known as Sung Wong Toi. Through the Mongolian Yuan Dynasty, individuals carved a stone pill that reads ‘Sung Wong Toi’ there to commemorate their go to, therefore the title.

Through the late Yuan Dynasty, when many individuals rose to energy and seized a little bit of China, Hong Kong was no exception. Over twenty individuals took a little bit of Hong Kong in 1355.[12] A kind of individuals, He Zhen, was an important. He gave up his official place in 1341 and went to his homeland, the place he raised a military and fought thieves. He then returned many locations to Yuan rule. The Mongols let him rule them. Regardless of his success, he knew that the Mongolians had been shedding, and surrendered to Liao Yongzhong. He went on the turn into the Earl of Dongguan.

Socioeconomic developments[edit]

Through the Northern Track Dynasty, the salt-making business was nice, however the individuals didn’t profit from it as a result of the business was owned by the federal government. A serious salt-making website was inbuilt Tai O through the Northern Track Dynasty. Within the Early Track Dynasty, the well-known salt-making website, Guanfu, was arrange. It was dominated by a authorities official and was protected by a small navy. It ensured that no one offered or smuggled salt with out permission.

In any other case, fishing, farming, and lime-making had been the primary methods of creating a residing within the Track Dynasty. Puntis farmed within the inland areas of Hong Kong, principally the New Territories, though some farm within the islands as nicely. Rice, greens and fruits had been planted. There have been tea leaves produced as nicely, though these weren’t on the market. Of the 29 lime kilns discovered throughout Hong Kong, some are believed to be constructed within the Track Dynasty, though there are not any data so one can’t inform for positive.

The Central Plain was a multitude on the finish of the Northern Track Dynasty, so individuals went south to the New Territories. The Tangs began shifting into the town in 973, however went again, and didn’t come again till the late Northern Track Dynasty.

Guanfu was abolished through the Yuan Dynasty. It was changed with the Tuen Mun Inspection and Patrol Workplace,[13] which dominated Hong Kong from Tuen Mun Cai – walled metropolis.[14] It was additionally dominated by a authorities official and 150 troopers had been stationed there. The pinnacle of the workplace was a low-ranking official who was accountable for interrogating criminals, catching individuals promoting salt, and so forth.

The variety of salt-making websites in Hong Kong decreased from 17 to 14 within the Yuan Dynasty. Guanfu was abolished as a result of its geographical location was not helpful, so it was not environment friendly, and that it was dangerous to the individuals. Data as a substitute went to Huangtian, one other salt-making website in Shenzhen.

There was an edict to restart the official pearl-hunting at Tolo Harbour through the reign of Kublai Khan in 1280,[15] and Temür Khan allowed the Tankas one hunt each three years in 1299.[16] In 1319,[17] Buyantu Khan arrange a sinecure to regulate the pearl-hunting business, and banned it the next 12 months below the rationale that it was socially detrimental, and dismissed the sinecure. Ukhaantu Khan undid this ban and restarted the sinecure in 1337.[18]

Puntis, Hakkas and clans[edit]

Within the late Southern Track Dynasty, many Hakkas participated in Man Tin Cheung’s anti-Mongolian battles. After Man’s fall, many Hakkas escaped to the New Territories, and constructed villages there. The Mans, who at the moment are thought of Puntis (this might be mentioned within the subsequent chapter), had been certainly one of them. The Man clan are descended from Man Tin Sui, a cousin of Man Tin Cheung’s. The Ngs additionally moved to Hong Kong then.

  1. The second 12 months of Baoyou.
  2. Through the interval of Shaoxing.
  3. The tenth 12 months of Chunxi.
  4. The third 12 months of Qingyuan.
  5. The Wanshan Archipelago is a bunch of islands within the Zhu Jiang Delta. The Portuguese referred to as them the Thieves Islands as a result of thieves favored to cover there.
  6. The primary 12 months of Jingyan.
  7. Current-day Mirs Bay.
  8. Current-day Silvermine Bay, Lantau Island.
  9. Current-day Tsuen Wan.
  10. Current-day Humen City, Dongguan.
  11. The primary 12 months of Xiangxing.
  12. The fifth 12 months of Zhizheng.
  13. The ‘Inspection and Patrol Workplace’ was invented through the 5 Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms interval and was extensively used through the Track Dynasty.
  14. The Cai changed the Tseng.
  15. The twenty-seventh 12 months of Zhiyuan.
  16. The third 12 months of Dade.
  17. The third 12 months of Yuanyou
  18. The third 12 months of Zhiyuan.

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