History of wireless telegraphy and broadcasting in Australia/Topical/Publications/Australian Radio History/On this day/January

History of wireless telegraphy and broadcasting in Australia/Topical/Publications/Australian Radio History/On this day/January

On today – January[edit]

1 January[edit]

2BS Bathurst 1937. Launched after first planning to start as 2BX.[1] The studio gear was designed, constructed, and put in by 2WG. Their 200 watt transmitter was constructed by Cecil Stevenson from 2UE. The studio, transmitter, file library, and workplace have been multi function room. Proprietor Eddie Williams and his household lived within the second room (Eddie was beforehand a 2LT announcer).

{Photograph} of 2BS Bathurst studio and employees on opening day of 1 January 1937

Radio 2BS transmitter and employees on opening day of 1 January 1937

SBS 1978. The Particular Broadcasting Service (SBS) was shaped to take over 2EA and 3EA (Ethnic Australia).

2OO Wollongong 1979. Launched by Jon English main a crowd singing “Auld Lang Syne” on New Yr’s Eve. The mayor, Frank Arkell, then gave a welcoming speech. Now on F.M. as i98FM.

5KA Adelaide 1982. They modified their on-air callsign to 12Okay with a short-lived nation format.

Scores 2013. After 66 years with Neilson, Industrial Radio Australia modified to GFK for scores analysis.

2 January[edit]

4BH Brisbane 1932. Launched by Grice’s Music Retailer with a 200 watt transmitter at Bald Hills.[2] Bought to 4BC in 1933 as a “Chandler Station”, with a 1,000 watt transmitter constructed by Len Schultz from 2LO and 2GB. Announcer Bob Rogers (now 2CH) banned the Elvis Presley hit “Heartbreak Resort” in 1956. First Australian station to make use of a directional antenna (put in by A.W.A. in 1957). Their slogan was “4BH for Brighter Hours”. Their towers collapsed in 2002 as a consequence of youngsters reducing their man wires. They acknowledged in court docket that they didn’t just like the music. They have been sentenced to 200 hours group service.

3LK Lubeck 1937 Launched by Prime Minister The Rt. Hon. Joe Lyons on relay from 7LA by way of 3DB.[3] Primarily a relay station for 3DB. Their 5 ton flywheel energy generator was to energy Lubeck’s avenue lights, however not sufficient energy was generated. Their transmitter used 10 gallons of distilled water hourly to chill its’ valves. There was one turntable on the transmitter in case of landline failures. Usually heard in New Zealand. Native information gadgets have been despatched to 3DB by Morse code.

Three January[edit]

1939: Letter to the Editor “I want to protest in regards to the mediocre programmes on 3WV. This contains horrible imitation swing music and different a lot lower than common programmes”.

Four January[edit]

1932: Letter to the Editor “A lot of the music one hears on 2BL and 2FC resembles two cats snarling at one another in a kerosene tin. It’s exceptional that receivers don’t break into items when a few of that classical rot comes on”.

5 January[edit]

1931 3WR Wangaratta: Reopened after being closed for six years.

6 January[edit]

2CZ Lismore 1930. Broadcast station launched by George Exton (beforehand beginner station VK2CZ). Turned industrial licence 2XN on 1-5-1930, and was the forerunner of 2LM (10-2-1936) which was then purchased by the Northern Star newspaper for 25 kilos.

7 January[edit]

5PI Port Pirie 1932. Launched as the primary rural industrial station in South Australia. Began with a 5AD constructed, 20 watt transmitter, on air from 1900-2200. A 50 watt transmitter was put in at Crystal Brook in 1934 (later 2,000 watts – then essentially the most highly effective industrial transmitter in Australia). Identified on air as “5PI – Crystal Brook”. Finally grew to become a relay of 5AD. Communicated with 5AD by way of Morse code. Later modified their callsign to 5CS.

4QR Brisbane 1938. A.B.C. Queensland Radio. Initially deliberate to function as 4BR (Brisbane Radio). Throughout WWII, the American Forces Radio Service used the 4QR manufacturing services to supply packages for their very own stations. These packages have been additionally broadcast on 4QR. Their very talked-about “Hospital Hour” (later a nationwide program), obtained 30,000 letters throughout its first 5 years. Put in a 650 ft excessive tower in 1948 with a 60 ft vast umbrella prime (shared with 4QG). Sadly, quite a few historic recordings have been destroyed throughout 1974 floods. Photograph is their management room shared with 4QR,VLQ, and VLM.

Eight January[edit]

2HD, 2UW, 3AR, 3KZ, 4AT, 5KA, and 5AU 1941: These stations have been all closed down by the Army for airing breaches of safety throughout WWII.

7EX Launceston 1993: All their employees have been sacked after they switched to relaying 7TAB from Hobart.

2GZ Orange 1951: Their transmitter was saved from fireplace by their technician who broke into this system feed at their transmitter to broadcast an pressing enchantment for firefighters. Photograph is their 1937 studio.

9 January[edit]

2FC Sydney 1924. Owned by Farmers and Co. Ltd who wrongly believed that they’d cowl all N.S.W. The station was put in on their roof. Initially deliberate to function as 2LO. (Farmer and Co. Ltd. was additionally issued with licence quantity six [341 KHz. 500 watts] as 2FL which by no means went to air). Testing from 15-11-1923 utilizing 500 watts was carried out with a receiver on prime of the Carrington Resort in Katoomba. Opened on longwave (273 KHz.) with a 5,000 watt transmitter at Willoughby, with two towers 200 ft tall and 600 ft aside, put in by A.W.A. The transmitter hut included a bed room for the technician. Their official opening broadcast on 10-1-1924 featured Gladys Moncrieff stay from Her Majesty’s Theatre. The studio partitions have been full of seaweed for sound-proofing. Photograph is a automotive outfitted with a receiver for testing their reception.

2CK Cessnock 1939. Launched by Coalfields Broadcasting Co. Ltd., with studios in Vincent Avenue and a 170 ft excessive lively tower at Neath. Initially licensed as 2CZ, however modified earlier than opening. Referred to as “The Voice of the Coalfields”. Opened at 0530 to advise miners which coal pits to report to every day. Previous to 2CK, this service was offered by a city crier in every city. Their third studio fireplace, attributable to a heater left on after the night announcer left, closed the station, with every part being destroyed. The licence was then purchased by 2HR, with the transmitter and tower being moved to Muswellbrook as 2NM on 14-1-1954.

10 January[edit]

2HR Lochinvar 1939: The station was moved from Lochinvar to Maitland (the 2HR licence was initially issued as 2SI in Singleton however was transferred to Lochinvar earlier than opening).

11 January[edit]

1950: A Letter to the Editor within the Launceston Examiner acknowledged “I’ve way back written off 7NT as a complete loss. When this station was constructed, we have been led to imagine that we must always have first rate reception in return for the licence charge paid to the A.B.C. Truly, it sounds as if broadcasting is being carried out from an specific prepare travelling at 60 miles per hour into an 80 M.P.H. hurricane”.

12 January[edit]

4MK Mackay 1931. Launched by John H. Williams (VK4JH) with the studio, file library, and a 50 watt transmitter in his home. On air two hours every night time. First licensed as 4JH in 1929. Operated at a loss for the primary 4 years. Data performed have been borrowed from listeners. Appointed native brokers for Qantas, assembly 4 planes every week. The Every day Mercury purchased a half share in 1937, rising hours to a few every night time. Acted because the emergency communications centre in 1938 throughout an air and sea seek for a lacking launch.

2VM Moree 1957. Launched as “The Voice of Moree” by the Higginbotham household from 2TM, and the Moree Champion newspaper. First regional station to be granted a supplementary F.M. licence. Photograph is their 1986 studio.

13 January[edit]

5CL Adelaide 1930: Their programming was taken over by the privately owned Australian Broadcasting Firm with 60 minutes of promoting each day. Photograph is their 1926 technical room.

14 January[edit]

4QB Maryborough 1948. A.B.C. relay of 4QG. Transmitter at Pialba. Began restricted native packages on 20-11-1950 from a studio within the College of Arts constructing. Opened a neighborhood A.B.C. newsroom in 1952. Opened relay transmitters at Gympie in 1954 and Eidsvold in 1965. On 8-11-1965 a brand new transmitter was put in, with their outdated one being refurbished and ultimately despatched to Christmas Island. Their studios have been moved to Bundaberg in 1990.

2NX Maitland 1954. First licensed as 2SI Singleton, then 2HR Lochinvar (30-8-1937). Through the 1950s/1970s, whereas owned by Catholic Broadcasting, they relayed night packages to 2NM, on air as 2NXNM. Moved to the Newcastle Herald constructing in Newcastle in 1955 after extreme flooding ruined their Maitland studios. Previous to the unsuccessful April 1967 referendum, 2NX campaigned in opposition to the Hunter and Northern N.S.W. turning into a separate State. Photograph is their 1965 studio.

2NM Muswellbrook 1954. First on air as 2CK Cessnock on 9-1-39. Formally opened by Ray Allsop from 2YG and 2BL, representing the Australian Broadcasting Management Board. All current got a full tour and clarification as to how a radio station operates. Opened on the identical day as its sister station 2NX, and on air stay one hour per day from a 2NX Maitland studio. Gordon McBrien was their first announcer. All different packages have been a relay of 2NX till the Muswellbrook studios have been inbuilt August 1955.

15 January[edit]

2PK Parkes 1949: Each their towers have been destroyed by a storm.

16 January[edit]

4QA Mackay 1951. A.B.C. relay of 4QG with some native packages from 1955, utilizing a studio above the Chandlers electrical retailer. Their official opening was a live performance with native artists broadcast from the Masonic Corridor. Organised 4 live shows per 12 months with the Queensland Symphony Orchestra till the 1980s. One announcer stayed on air when the studio was filled with smoke from a fireplace downstairs. Began 24 hour broadcasting in 1987. Moved into new studios in 1995. Now has relay transmitters at Moranbah, Airlie Seashore, and Dysart.

17 January[edit]

9AO Jesselton (Sabah) 1946. Australian Military station utilizing a 10 watt transmitter on 980 KHz. One in every of a number of cell radio stations constructed into a 3 ton truck. The Officer in Cost and chief announcer was Fred Edwards from 6WF, assisted by Al Scown (who later labored at 3MA, 3BO, and 2AY).

18 January[edit]

3YB Warrnambool 1936. First began as a cell station in two mannequin T Fords then a prepare in 1931. Their 27-12-1935 opening was stopped when their 50 watt transmitter failed. Used many of the 3YB cell station gear. On air 1200-1400, and 1800-2200, 4 days per week. Referred to as “Your Metropolis of Warrnambool Station”. Lowered on-air hours in 1940 as a consequence of lack of employees to WWII. The Military equipped a bottle of acid and a hatchet to destroy the transmitter if Australia was invaded. Their sports activities announcers’ binoculars have been taken for the conflict effort. Destroyed by fireplace on 16-4-1945. Reopened with a borrowed beginner transmitter.

2CA CANBERRA 1937. Postpone the air when lightning destroyed their tower.

19 January[edit]

2JJ Sydney 1975. A.B.C. Broadcasting experimental youth programming, referred to as “Rock with out the Roll“. Their first file, “You solely like me coz I’m good in mattress”, had already been banned by the Licensing authorities. A.B.C. administration accused the station of broadcasting ‘offensively obnoxious gadgets’. A launch get together for an AC/DC album was closed by the police when it acquired out of hand. Closed by the employees in July 1975 to protest about poor protection on 2,000 watts. Reopened with 10,000 watts.

20 January[edit]

4QY Cairns 1950. A.B.C., relaying 4QG with some native packages from 4-10-1952 with two employees. Reporter David Houson and sport editor Dick Chant each have been on the station from 1973 to 2000, with Dick being awarded an Order of Australia medal for broadcasting.

6NA Narrogin 1951. Owned by, and relayed 6KY, with a one hour native breakfast program each day. Their official opening was broadcast from the Council Chambers. The native newspaper refused to cowl their first birthday celebrations. Purchased by Information Ltd. on 23-
5-1968. Bought to 6IX on 9-11-1972, then STW-9 TV on 17-3-1973, and 6TZ in 1976. In 1977 a fireplace destroyed their studio and transmitter, however they returned to air inside 24 hours.

21 January[edit]

2CN Canberra 1953. A.B.C. Canberra Nationwide. Began with a studio at their Gungahlin transmitter website. Moved into Canberra in 1957, after which to their mixed Northbourne Avenue radio and tv constructing in 1964.

22 January[edit]

6GE Geraldton 1955: Broadcast stay from their transmitter hut as a consequence of a studio energy failure. The announcer sat above the management panel as snakes slid throughout the ground.

23 January[edit]

RAAF Milne Bay (T.P.N.G.) 1944. “R.A.A.F. Radio Milne Bay – The Voice of the Islands”. Established to entertain R.A.A.F. personnel at this T.P.N.G. air base. This was the primary of the “Jungle Community” stations. On air 1200-1300 and 1800-2030 each day with a library of 180 data. Their Studio Supervisor was John West; later well-known on A.B.C. radio. Their Chief Announcer was Leon Becker from 2KM, plus announcers John Greathead from 2GZ, 2KA, and 4BU, and Sergeant F. Sheppard from 4QG and 4QR.

24 January[edit]

6BY Bridgetown 24-01-1953. This callsign was first utilized by a Bunbury station in 1933. Bridgetown-Yornup. Opened primarily as a relay of 6IX with a 456 ft excessive tower trucked in items from Sydney.

25 January[edit]

2GN Goulburn 1932. Initially on air at Moss Vale. Their pre-fab constructing, gear, and licence have been moved to Goulburn. Their official opening with 50 watts was broadcast by 2SM. Their first technician, William Cavanaugh from 2WC used a station bicycle each day to journey to the transmitter to show it on and off. The transmitter and tower have been wired with explosives in WWII in case the Japanese attacked.

26 January[edit]

3AR Melbourne 1924. Launched by Related Radio Co. (wi-fi producers). A “sealed set” station, beginning on lengthy wave. Began with two employees, plus six of their radio manufacturing unit assembling radios. Used phone hand items as microphones. Established 7ZL in Hobart utilizing the unique 350 watt 3AR transmitter.

2UE Sydney 1925. Regardless of well-liked perception, they didn’t begin as 2EU though owned by Electrical Utilities with Cecil ‘Pa’ Stevenson (the ‘father’ of economic radio), from 2ZH, 2IY and 2SB/2BL. He was later an enormous advocate of F.M. The studios and gear value £750 to construct, and £9 per week to function. On air 2000-2200 utilizing 150 watts. Ads value 1/-. The 80 ft excessive towers have been in his Maroubra again yard, the transmitter was on his verandah, and his eating room was his studio with all home-made gear. Cecil whistled whereas altering data to let listeners know that he was nonetheless on air. Usually heard in the united statesA. and New Zealand. First present industrial licence in Australia. Newspapers didn’t point out their existence for one 12 months.

2PM Port Macquarie 2000. Launched on the 2MC (2KM) former 531 KHz. A.M. frequency after they moved to F.M. Owned by 2SM. Discovered responsible by the A.C.M.A. of breaching native content material guidelines in 2008 and 2009.

27 January[edit]

2HD Newcastle 1925. Launched by Harry Douglas (see 2XY 1921) with 12 data within the library. Used the gear from 2XY and 2CM (1921) with 10 watts above his tyre store in Hamilton.

28 January[edit]

2NZ Inverell 1937. First began as 2LV on 30-3-1936. Listed as 2MZ by S.T.C. who put in their 1,000 watt transmitter. Their telephone numbers have been Four and 9. Appearing Prime Minister Joseph Lyons opened the station. Their slogan was “2NZ, Northern New South Wales”. Official voice for 42 branches of the Nation Girls’s Affiliation. On air 0700-0900, 1130-1400, and 1600-2200. Their Chief Engineer was OuncesBartle (later the primary Chief Engineer of NEN-9 TV in Tamworth). Jack Ridley from 2GZ and 2UE was the Managing Director. Broadcast quite a few stay performs by native teams, plus charity balls from 1938. Relayed B.B.C. information by way of a shortwave receiver.

29 January[edit]

9AB Lae (T.P.N.G.) 1945. Australian Military Facilities station utilizing 200 watts on 1070 KHz. The station was initially assembled from deserted Japanese components till new gear arrived. Lieutenant Terry Pricey was their Commanding Officer (from 2GB, 2UW, 3AW, 3KZ, and the Colgate-Palmolive and Macquarie Radio Items). Prime Minister Chifley, visited the studio, with Normal (later Area Marshall) Thomas Blayney and broadcast stay to the troops on Christmas Day. This broadcast included two stay performs by the Peter Finch drama group. Their announcers have been Keith Smith from 3DB, 2BL, and 2GB, Ian Neil from 4BH, 4SB, and 4BK, and Dudley Simpson.

30 January[edit]

4QG Brisbane 1930: Their programming was taken over by the privately owned Australian Broadcasting Firm with 60 minutes of promoting each day. Photograph is their antenna system.

31 January[edit]

1927: Letter to the Editor “I strongly object to the printed of ads for batteries, piano gamers, and tea and so forth. on 3LO and 3AR. I believe it’s a downright insult to my intelligence”.

In-line Citations=[edit]

  1. “OFFICIAL OPENING”. Nationwide Advocate (New South Wales, Australia): p. 2. 2 January 1937. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article160345314. Retrieved 13 January 2019. 
  2. “STATION 4BH.”. The Brisbane Courier (Queensland, Australia) (23,067): p. 10. Four January 1932. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article21768839. Retrieved 13 January 2019. 
  3. “3LK FOR COUNTRY LISTENERS.”. The Horsham Occasions (Victoria, Australia) (8029): p. 4. 5 January 1937. http://nla.gov.au/nla.news-article73108389. Retrieved 13 January 2019. 

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