Generic Identify: insulin glargine (IN su lin GLAR gine)
Model Names: Lantus, Lantus Solostar Pen
Lantus (insulin glargine) is a man-made type of a hormone (insulin) that’s produced within the physique. Insulin is a hormone that works by reducing ranges of glucose (sugar) within the blood. Insulin glargine is a long-acting insulin that begins to work a number of hours after injection and retains working evenly for 24 hours.
Lantus is used to enhance blood sugar management in adults and youngsters with diabetes mellitus.
Lantus is used to deal with kind 1 or kind 2 diabetes in adults, and kind 1 diabetes youngsters who’re a minimum of 6 years outdated.
Some manufacturers of insulin glargine are to be used solely in adults. Rigorously comply with all directions for the model of insulin glargine you might be utilizing.
Essential info for Lantus solostar
You shouldn’t use Lantus in case you are having an episode of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar), or in case you are in a state of diabetic ketoacidosis.
By no means share a Lantus injection pen or cartridge with one other particular person. Sharing injection pens or cartridges can permit illness akin to hepatitis or HIV to move from one particular person to a different.
Not all insulin glargine manufacturers are equal in dosing. Comply with your physician’s directions when altering from one model to a different. If there are any adjustments within the model, power, or kind of insulin you utilize, your dosage wants could change.
Lantus is simply a part of an entire program of remedy which will additionally embrace weight-reduction plan, train, weight management, foot care, eye care, dental care, and testing your blood sugar. Comply with your weight-reduction plan, medicine, and train routines very carefully. Altering any of those elements can have an effect on your blood sugar ranges.
Lantus negative effects
Get emergency medical assist in case you have indicators of an allergy response to Lantus: redness or swelling the place an injection was given, itchy pores and skin rash over all the physique, hassle respiration, quick heartbeats, feeling such as you would possibly move out, or swelling in your tongue or throat.
Name your physician directly in case you have:
weight achieve, swelling in your palms or toes, feeling in need of breath; or
indicators of low potassium – leg cramps, constipation, irregular heartbeats, fluttering in your chest, elevated thirst or urination, numbness or tingling, muscle weak spot or limp feeling.
Widespread Lantus negative effects could embrace:
low blood sugar;
itching, delicate pores and skin rash; or
thickening or hollowing of the pores and skin the place you injected the drugs.
This isn’t an entire record of negative effects and others could happen. Name your physician for medical recommendation about negative effects. You might report negative effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
Earlier than Taking Lantus solostar
You shouldn’t use Lantus in case you are allergic to insulin, or in case you are having an episode of hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).
Lantus shouldn’t be permitted to be used by anybody youthful than 6 years outdated, and shouldn’t be used to deal with kind 2 diabetes in a baby of any age.
To ensure Lantus is secure for you, inform your physician in case you have:
Inform your physician in the event you additionally take pioglitazone or rosiglitazone (typically contained in mixtures with glimepiride or metformin). Taking sure oral diabetes medicines if you are utilizing insulin could enhance your danger of great coronary heart issues.
Comply with your physician’s directions about utilizing Lantus in case you are pregnant or breast-feeding a child. Blood sugar management is essential throughout being pregnant, and your dose wants could also be completely different throughout every trimester of being pregnant. Your dose wants may be completely different if you are breast-feeding.
How ought to I exploit Lantus?
Use Lantus precisely as prescribed by your physician. Comply with all instructions in your prescription label. Don’t use this drugs in bigger or smaller quantities or for longer than beneficial.
Learn all affected person info, medicine guides, and instruction sheets offered to you. Ask your physician or pharmacist in case you have any questions.
If there are any adjustments within the model, power, or kind of insulin you utilize, your dosage wants could change. The Toujeo model of insulin glargine accommodates three occasions as a lot insulin per milliliter (mL) because the Lantus model. There are 300 models of insulin in 1 mL of Toujeo, and 100 models in 1 mL of Lantus.
Insulin is injected beneath the pores and skin. You can be proven easy methods to use injections at dwelling. Don’t give your self this drugs if you don’t perceive easy methods to use the injection and correctly eliminate used needles and syringes.
Lantus should not be given with an insulin pump, or combined with different insulins. Don’t inject insulin glargine right into a vein or a muscle.
Lantus is often injected as soon as per day on the identical time every day. You can be proven easy methods to use injections at dwelling. Don’t give your self this drugs if you don’t perceive easy methods to use the injection and correctly eliminate used needles and syringes.
Your care supplier will present you the very best locations in your physique to inject Lantus. Use a distinct place every time you give an injection. Don’t inject into the identical place two occasions in a row.
If you happen to use an injection pen, use solely the injection pen that comes with Lantus. Connect a brand new needle earlier than every use. Don’t switch the insulin from the pen right into a syringe.
By no means share an injection pen or syringe with one other particular person, even when the needle has been modified. Sharing these gadgets can permit infections or illness to move from one particular person to a different.
Use a disposable needle and syringe solely as soon as. Comply with any state or native legal guidelines about throwing away used needles and syringes. Use a puncture-proof “sharps” disposal container (ask your pharmacist the place to get one and easy methods to throw it away). Hold this container out of the attain of youngsters and pets.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia) can occur to everybody who has diabetes. Signs embrace headache, starvation, sweating, irritability, dizziness, nausea, quick coronary heart price, and feeling anxious or shaky. To shortly deal with low blood sugar, all the time maintain a fast-acting supply of sugar with you akin to fruit juice, exhausting sweet, crackers, raisins, or non-diet soda.
Your physician can prescribe a glucagon emergency injection equipment to make use of in case you may have extreme hypoglycemia and can’t eat or drink. Be certain your loved ones and shut associates know easy methods to offer you this injection in an emergency.
Additionally look ahead to indicators of excessive blood sugar (hyperglycemia) akin to elevated thirst or urination, blurred imaginative and prescient, headache, and tiredness.
Blood sugar ranges will be affected by stress, sickness, surgical procedure, train, alcohol use, or skipping meals. Ask your physician earlier than altering your insulin dose or schedule.
Lantus is simply a part of a remedy program which will additionally embrace weight-reduction plan, train, weight management, blood sugar testing, and particular medical care. Comply with your physician’s directions very carefully.
Hold this drugs in its unique container protected against warmth and light-weight. Don’t draw insulin from a vial right into a syringe till you might be prepared to offer an injection. Don’t freeze insulin or retailer it close to the cooling aspect in a fridge. Throw away any insulin that has been frozen.
Storing unopened (not in use) Lantus:
Storing opened (in use) Lantus:
Don’t retailer an injection pen with the needle hooked up.
Don’t use the drugs if it appears cloudy, has modified colours, or has any particles in it. Name your pharmacist for brand new drugs.
Put on a diabetes medical alert tag in case of emergency. Any medical care supplier who treats it is best to know that you’ve got diabetes.
What occurs if I miss a dose of Lantus solostar?
Name your physician for directions in the event you miss a dose of Lantus. You shouldn’t use multiple dose in a 24-hour interval except your physician tells you to.
Hold insulin readily available always. Get your prescription refilled earlier than you run out of medication utterly.
What occurs if I overdose of Lantus solostar?
Search emergency medical consideration or name the Poison Assist line at 1-800-222-1222. Insulin overdose could cause life-threatening hypoglycemia. Signs embrace drowsiness, confusion, blurred imaginative and prescient, numbness or tingling in your mouth, hassle talking, muscle weak spot, clumsy or jerky actions, seizure (convulsions), or lack of consciousness.
What ought to I keep away from whereas utilizing Lantus?
Don’t change the model of insulin glargine or syringe you might be utilizing with out first speaking to your physician or pharmacist.
Keep away from medicine errors by all the time checking the drugs label earlier than injecting your insulin.
Keep away from consuming alcohol. It will possibly trigger low blood sugar and will intervene together with your diabetes remedy.
What different medication will have an effect on Lantus?
Many different medicines can have an effect on your blood sugar, and a few medicines can enhance or lower the consequences of insulin. Some medication may trigger you to have fewer signs of hypoglycemia, making it tougher to inform when your blood sugar is low. Inform your physician in regards to the following medicines, which may work together with Lantus:
- pioglitazone or rosiglitazone (typically contained in mixtures with glimepiride or metformin);
- different anti-diabetic medicines;
- blood stress medicines (together with ACE-inhibitors, diuretics or water tablets, clonidine, beta-blockers;
- contraception tablets;
- thyroid medicines;
- anti-depressant medicines (particularly monoamine oxidase inhibitors or MAOIs, fluoxetine, and others);
- anti-psychotic medicines (together with olanzapine, clozapine, and others);
- sure antibiotics, together with sulfa medication; or
- corticosteroid medicines (akin to prednisone);
Inform every of your well being care suppliers about all medicines you utilize now and any drugs you begin or cease utilizing. This consists of prescription and over-the-counter medicines, nutritional vitamins, and natural merchandise.
Bear in mind, maintain this and all different medicines out of the attain of youngsters, by no means share your medicines with others, and use Lantus just for the indication prescribed.
At all times seek the advice of your healthcare supplier to make sure the knowledge displayed on this web page applies to your private circumstances.
Editorial References and Evaluation
Medically reviewed by USARx EDITORIAL TEAM Final up to date on 1/1/2020.
Supply: Medicine.com Lantus Solostar (www.medication.com/lantus.html).