make – Wiktionary




Etymology 1[edit]

From Center English maken, from Outdated English macian (to make, construct, work), from Proto-West Germanic *makōn (to make, construct, work), from Proto-Indo-European *mag- (to knead, combine, make). Cognate with Latin mācerō, macer, Historic Greek μάσσω (mássō), Scots mak (to make), Saterland Frisian moakje (to make), West Frisian meitsje (to make), Dutch maken (to make), Dutch Low Saxon maken (to make) and German Low German maken (to make), and German machen (to make, do). Associated to match.


make (third-person singular easy current makes, current participle making, easy previous and previous participle made)

  1. (transitive) To create.
    1. To construct, assemble, produce, or originate.

      We made a fowl feeder for our yard.

      I will make a person out of him but.

      He makes deodorants.

      • 1892, Walter Besant, “Prologue: Who’s Edmund Grey?”, in The Ivory Gate: A Novel, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, [], OCLC 16832619:

        Thus, when he drew up directions in lawyer language, he expressed the vital phrases by an preliminary, a medial, or a ultimate consonant, and made scratches for all of the phrases between; his clerks, nevertheless, understood him very nicely.

      • I made a talking trumpet of my arms and commenced to whoop “Ahoy!” and “Whats up!” on the high of my lungs. […] The Colonel awakened, and, after asking what in brimstone was the matter, opened his mouth and roared “Hello!” and “Whats up!” just like the bull of Bashan.
      • But in “By a Latte, Darkly”, a brand new examine of how Starbucks has largely averted paying tax in Britain, Edward Kleinbard [] exhibits that present tax guidelines make it simple for all kinds of companies to generate what he calls “stateless revenue”: []. In Starbucks’s case, the agency has in impact turned the method of making an costly cup of espresso into mental property.
    2. To jot down or compose.

      I made a poem for her wedding ceremony.

      He made a will.

    3. To result in; to impact or produce by way of some motion.

      make warfare

      They have been only a bunch of ne’er-do-wells who went round making bother for sincere males.

    4. (non secular) To create (the universe), particularly (in Christianity) from nothing.

      God made earth and heaven.

  2. (intransitive, now principally colloquial) To behave, to behave.

    To make like a deer caught within the headlights.

    They made good collectively, as if their combat by no means occurred.

    He made as if to punch him, however they each laughed and shook arms.

  3. (intransitive) To have a tendency; to contribute; to have impact; with for or in opposition to.
    • 1873, Matthew Arnold, Literature and Dogma
      And all Israel’s language about this energy , besides that it makes for righteousness , is approximate language
    • Observe after the issues which make for peace.
    • c. 1597, William Shakespeare, “The First A part of Henry the Fourth, []”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Printed Based on the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, revealed 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act V, scene i]:

      Issues infinite
      Do make in opposition to it.

  4. To represent.

    They make a cute couple.

    This makes the third infraction.

    One swallow doesn’t a summer time make.

    • 2014, A instructor, “Selecting a main faculty: a instructor’s information for folks”, The Guardian, 23 September:
      So in case your potential faculty is proudly displaying that “We Are Excellent” banner on its perimeter fence, nicely, that’s great … however do keep in mind that in all probability it has been awarded for ends in these two topics, moderately than for its supply of a broad and balanced curriculum which brings out the perfect in each little one. Which is, after all, what makes a fantastic main faculty.
    • 1995, Harriette Simpson Arnow: Crucial Essays on Her Work, p.46:
      Type alone doesn’t make a author.
    • We made an odd celebration earlier than the arrival of the Ten, significantly when the Movie star dropped in for lunch or dinner. He couldn’t be induced to stay completely at Mohair as a result of Miss Trevor was at Asquith, however he appropriated a Hempstead cart from the Mohair stables and made the journey typically twice in a day.
  5. (transitive) So as to add as much as, have a sum of.

    Two and 4 make six.

  6. (transitive, construed with of, usually interrogative) To interpret.

    I don’t know what to make of it.

    They could not make something of the inscription.
  7. (transitive, normally careworn) To convey into success.

    This firm is what made you.

    She married into wealth and so has it made.

    • who makes or ruins with a smile or frown
    • 2006, Michael Grecco, Lighting and the Dramatic Portrait, Amphoto Books, →ISBN, web page 124:

      An awesome expression and wonderful eye contact, particularly, can make {a photograph}, and with out them, you’ll be able to find yourself with little or no.

  8. (ditransitive, second object is an adjective or participle) To trigger to be.
    Synonym: render

    The residents made their objections clear.

    This would possibly make you a bit woozy.

    Did I make myself heard?

    Scotch will make you a person.

    • 2013 July 20, “The assault of the MOOCs”, in The Economist, quantity 408, quantity 8845:

      For the reason that launch early final yr of […] two Silicon Valley start-ups providing free schooling by MOOCs, large open on-line programs, the ivory towers of academia have been shaken to their foundations. College manufacturers inbuilt some circumstances over centuries have been compelled to ponder the chance that info know-how will quickly make their current enterprise mannequin out of date.

  9. To trigger to look like; to symbolize as.
    • 1709-1710, Thomas Baker, Reflections on Studying
      He’s not that goose and Ass that Valla would make him.
    • So this was my future dwelling, I assumed! Definitely it made a courageous image. I had seen related ones fired-in on many a Heidelberg stein. Backed by towering hills, [] a sky of palest Gobelin flecked with fats, fleecy little clouds, it in fact regarded an expensive little metropolis; town of 1’s desires.
  10. (ditransitive, second object is a verb) To trigger (to do one thing); to compel (to do one thing).

    You are making her cry.

    I used to be made to really feel like a felony.

    • 1892, Walter Besant, chapter III, in The Ivory Gate: A Novel, New York, N.Y.: Harper & Brothers, [], OCLC 16832619:

      In former days each tavern of reputation saved such a room for its personal choose circle, a membership, or society, of habitués, who met each night, for a pipe and a cheerful glass. [] Strangers would possibly enter the room, however they have been made to really feel that they have been there on sufferance: they have been acquired with distance and suspicion.

  11. (ditransitive, second object is a verb, might be careworn for emphasis or readability) To pressure to do.

    The instructor made the scholar examine.

    Don’t allow them to make you undergo.

  12. (ditransitive, of a truth) To point or counsel to be.

    His previous errors don’t make him a foul particular person.

  13. (transitive, of a mattress) To cowl neatly with bedclothes.
  14. (transitive, US slang, crime, legislation enforcement) To recognise, determine, spot.
    • 1939, Raymond Chandler, The Large Sleep, Penguin 2011, p.33:
      I caught sight of him two or 3 times after which made him turning north into Laurel Canyon Drive.
    • 2004, George Nolfi et al., Ocean’s Twelve, Warner Bros. Footage, 0:50:30:
      Linus Caldwell: Properly, she simply made Danny and Yen, which implies within the subsequent 48 hours the three o’ your photos are gonna be in each police station in Europe.
    • 2007 Could 4, Andrew Dettmann et al., “Below Stress”, episode 3-22 of Numb3rs, 00:01:16:
      David Sinclair: (strolling) Virtually at Seventh; I ought to have a visible any second now. (rounds a nook, virtually collides into Kaleed Asan) Rattling, that was shut.
      Don Eppes: David, he make you?
      David Sinclair: No, I do not suppose so.
  15. (transitive, colloquial) To reach at a vacation spot, normally at or by a sure time.

    We must always make Cincinnati by 7 tonight.

  16. (intransitive, colloquial) To proceed (in a route).

    They made westward over the snowy mountains.

    Make for the hills! It is a wildfire!

    They made away from the hearth towards the river.

  17. (transitive) To cowl (a given distance) by travelling. [from 16thc.]
    • 1898, Winston Churchill, chapter 2, in The Movie star:

      I had event […] to make a considerably lengthy enterprise journey to Chicago, and on my return […] I discovered Farrar awaiting me within the railway station. He smiled his wonted fraction by the use of greeting, […], and eventually main me to his buggy, turned and drove out of city. I used to be fully mystified at such an uncommon continuing.

    • 1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot, Chapter VIII:
      I made over twenty miles that day, for I used to be now hardened to fatigue and accustomed to lengthy hikes, having spent appreciable time looking and exploring within the fast neighborhood of camp.
  18. (transitive) To maneuver at (a pace). [from 17thc.]

    The ship may make 20 knots an hour in calm seas.

    This child can make 220 miles an hour.

  19. To nominate; to call.
    • 1991, Bernard Guenée, Between Church and State: The Lives of 4 French Prelates →ISBN:
      On November 15, 1396, [] Benedict XIII made him bishop of Noyon;
  20. (transitive, slang) To induct into the Mafia or an analogous group (as a made man).
    • 1990, Nicholas Pileggi & Martin Scorsese, Goodfellas:
      Jimmy Conway: They’re gonna make him.
      Henry Hill: Paulie’s gonna make you?
  21. (intransitive, colloquial, euphemistic) To defecate or urinate.
    • 1992, Merrill Joan Gerber, The dominion of Brooklyn, web page 30:

      When my father comes again with a darkish moist spot on his pants, proper in entrance, as if he has made in his pants, he begins consuming his meals in nice shovelfuls.

    • 2003, Mary Anne Kelly, The Cordelia Squad, web page 121:

      “He made in his pants, okay? I hope all people’s glad!” She flung her hat on the ground and kicked it. “He’ll by no means come again to highschool now! By no means! And it is all of your fault!

  22. (transitive) To earn, to achieve (cash, factors, membership or standing).

    They hope to make a much bigger revenue.

    He did not make the choir after his voice modified.

    She made ten factors in that recreation.

    • 2011 September 2, “Wales 2-1 Montenegro”, in BBC:

      Wales’ defence had an unfamiliar look with Cardiff teen Darcy Blake most popular to 44-cap Danny Gabbidon of Queen’s Park Rangers, who didn’t even make the bench.

  23. (transitive) To pay, to cowl (an expense); mainly used after expressions of incapacity.
    • 1889 Could 1, Chief Justice George P. Raney, Pensacola & A. R. Co. v. State of Florida (judicial opinion), reproduced in The Southern Reporter, Quantity 5, West Publishing Firm, p.843:
      Whether or not, [], the development of extra roads [] would current a case during which the exaction of prohibitory or in any other case onerous charges could also be prevented, although it lead to an impossibility for some or the entire roads to make bills, we’d like not say; no such case is earlier than us.
    • 2005, Yuvi Shmul and Ron Peltier, Make It Large with Yuvi: Purchase Or Begin a Small Enterprise, the Greatest Funding, AuthorHouse, →ISBN, p.67:
      At first look, you could possibly make lease and different overhead bills as a result of the enterprise is doing nicely, but when gross sales drop can you continue to make lease?
    • 2011, Donald Todrin, Efficiently Navigating the Downturn, Entrepreneur Press, →ISBN, p.194:
      So you’ll be able to’t make payroll. This occurs. [] many enterprise house owners who’ve by no means confronted it earlier than will probably be compelled to cope with this most troublesome matter of not making payroll.
  24. (out of date, intransitive) To compose verses; to jot down poetry; to versify.
    (Can we discover and add a citation of Chaucer to this entry?)
    (Can we discover and add a citation of Tennyson to this entry?)
  25. To enact; to determine.
    • 1791, The First Modification to the US Structure:
      Congress shall make no legislation respecting an institution of faith, or prohibiting the free train thereof; or abridging the liberty of speech, or of the press; or the appropriate of the individuals peaceably to assemble, and to petition the Authorities for a redress of grievances.
  26. To become; to show to be.

    She’ll make a wonderful president.

  27. To type or formulate within the thoughts.

    make plans

    made a questionable resolution

  28. To carry out a feat.

    make a leap

    make a go

    make a u-turn

  29. (intransitive) To achieve ample viewers to warrant its existence.

    Ultimately, my class did not make, which left me with a little bit of free time.

  30. (out of date) To behave in a sure method; to need to do; to handle; to intervene; to be energetic; usually within the phrase to meddle or make.
    • c. 1597, William Shakespeare, “The Merry VViues of VVindsor”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Printed Based on the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: [] Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, revealed 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act I, scene iv]:

      a scurvy, jack-a-nape priest to meddle or make

  31. (out of date) To extend; to enhance; to accrue.
  32. (out of date) To be engaged or involved in.
    • 1681, John Dryden, The Spanish Fryar: Or, the Double Discovery. [], London: [] Richard Tonson and Jacob Tonson, [], OCLC 6484883, (please specify the web page quantity):

      Gomez, what makest thou right here, with a complete brotherhood of metropolis bailiffs?
  33. (now archaic) To trigger to be (in a specified place), used after a subjective what.
    • 1676, George Etherege, A Man of Mode:
      Footman. Madam! Mr. Dorimant!
      Lov. What makes him right here?
    • 1816, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, Christabel:
      What makes her within the wooden so late, / A furlong from the citadel gate?
  34. (transitive, euphemistic) To take the virginity of.
    • 1896, Rudyard Kipling, The Girls
      I used to be a younger un at ‘Oogli,
      Shy as a woman to start;
      Aggie de Castrer she made me,
      — An’ Aggie was intelligent as sin;
      Older than me, however my first un —
      Extra like a mom she have been
      Confirmed me the best way to promotion an’ pay,
      An’ I realized about ladies from ‘er!
  35. (transitive) To have sexual activity with.
    • 1979, Mark Tuttle, Three’s Firm, “The Mortgage Shark”
      The one factor she needs to make is you!
    • 1934, James T. Farrell, The Younger Manhood of Studs Lonigan, Ch. 16:
      He may see that her face was skinny, proud. She regarded like she’d be a tough dame to make. He did not need simply that. She’d be a tough dame to win.
Derived phrases[edit]
See additionally[edit]
The translations beneath have to be checked and inserted above into the suitable translation tables, eradicating any numbers. Numbers don’t essentially match these in definitions. See directions at Wiktionary:Entry format § Translations.


make (plural makes)

  1. Model or form; mannequin.
    What make of automobile do you drive?
  2. Method or type of building (type of how a factor is made); type.
    • 1907, Mark Twain, A Horse’s Story[1]:

      I can title the tribe each moccasin belongs to by the make of it.

  3. Origin (of a manufactured article); manufacture; manufacturing.
    • 1914, Considered Promoting, web page 158:
      The Royal Typewriter Firm is distributing a really enticing eight web page folder, saying the Royal Quantity 10, the primary machine of Royal make which makes use of levers as a substitute of wires to function the type-bars.
    The digital camera was of German make.
  4. An individual’s character or disposition.
    • 1914, Gertrude Franklin Horn Atherton, Perch of the Satan[3], web page 274:

      I by no means really feel very a lot enthusiastic about any outdated factor; it isn’t my make; however I’ve obtained a kind of shiver within me, and a watery feeling within the coronary heart area.

  5. (dated) The act or course of of creating one thing, particularly in industrial manufacturing.
    • 1908, Charles Thomas Jacobi, Printing: A Sensible Treatise on the Artwork of Typography as Utilized Extra Notably to the Printing of Books[4], web page 331:

      [] papers are respectively of second or inferior high quality, the final being maybe torn or damaged within the “make” — because the manufacture is technically termed.

  6. (uncountable) Amount produced, particularly of supplies.
    • 1902, September 16, German Iron and Metal Manufacturing[5], web page 8:

      In 1880 the make of pig iron in all nations was 18,300,000 tons.

  7. (computing) A software program utility for routinely constructing giant purposes, or an implementation of this utility.
    • 2003, D. Curtis Jamison, Perl Programming for Biologists[6], →ISBN, web page 115:

      Nevertheless, the unzip and make applications weren’t discovered, so the default was left clean.

  8. (slang) Identification or recognition (of id), particularly from police information or proof.
    • 2003, John Lutz, The Evening Spider[7], →ISBN, web page 53:

      “They ever get a make on the blood sort?” Horn requested, staring on the stained mattress.

    • 2003, Harlan Wygant, The Samurai Conspiracy: A Story of Revenge by the Creator of “The Junkyard Canine.” (→ISBN), web page 36:
      “I am certain we’ll get a make on the suspect’s prints by day break, so in the event you come down city, I will see you get all the pieces accessible. Go forward and course of the automobile, we cannot have any want of it.”
    • 2007, P. T. Deutermann, Looking Season: A Novel, St. Martin’s Press (→ISBN):
      He obtained out his binoculars, attempting for a make on the plate, however the plate mild was conveniently not working. The home windows should have been tinted, as a result of he couldn’t see contained in the van, both.
    • 2008, H.A. Covington, The Brigade (→ISBN), web page 660:
      “Okay, if I may perceive appropriately what Oscar was saying by all of the doubletalk, we have a make on the bigwig occupant of the convoy forward. Chaim Lieberman, Israeli Ambassador to the US.” “Shit,” stated Gardner.
  9. (slang, normally in phrase “simple make”) Previous, current, or future goal of seduction (normally feminine).
    • 2007, Prudence Mors Rains, Turning into an Unwed Mom[8], →ISBN, web page 26:

      To me, if I weren’t going with somebody and was taking drugs, it will be like promoting that I am a straightforward make.

    • 1962, Ralph Moreno, A Man’s Property[9], web page 12:

      She’s your make, not mine. [] It is not something wanting troublesome to entertain another person’s pregnant fiancee.

  10. (slang, army) A promotion.
    • 2004, Joseph Stilwell, Seven Stars: The Okinawa Battle Diaries of Simon Bolivar Buckner, Jr. and Joseph Stilwell[10], →ISBN, web page 94:

      Despatched again the record of makes with solely Submit and Hamilton on it. (Buckner had really helpful 10 workers officers and 1 fight soldier!)

  11. A house-made mission
    • 1978, Biddy Baxter, Hazel Gill, Margaret Parnell, Rachel Barnes, Kate Pountney, The ‘Blue Peter’ Make, Cook dinner & Look E-book[11], web page i:

      Blue Peter “make”

  12. (card video games) Flip to declare the trump for a hand (in bridge), or to shuffle the playing cards.
    • 1925, Robert William Chambers, The Talkers[12], web page 195:

      It is your make because the playing cards lie. Take your time.

    • 1962 (version), Leo Tolstoy, Hadji Murat: A Story of the Caucasus:
      ‘Not your make,’ stated the adjutant sternly and began dealing the playing cards along with his white be-ringed arms as if he was in haste to do away with them.
  13. (basketball) A made basket.
  14. (physics) The closing of {an electrical} circuit.
    • 1947, Charles Seymour Siskind, Electrical energy[13], web page 94:

      If the interrupter operated each 2 sec., the present would rise to 10 amp. and drop to zero with successive “makes” and “breaks.”


Etymology 2[edit]

From Center English make, imake, from Outdated English ġemaca (a mate, an equal, companion, peer), from Proto-Germanic *gamakô (companion, comrade), from Proto-Indo-European *maǵ- (to knead, oil). Bolstered by Outdated Norse maki (an equal). Cognate with Icelandic maki (partner), Swedish make (partner, husband), Danish mage (companion, fellow, mate). See additionally match.


make (plural makes)

  1. (Britain, dialectal) Mate; a partner or companion; a match.
    • 1590, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, I.vii:
      Th’Elfe therewith astownd, / Vpstarted frivolously from his looser make, / And his vnready weapons gan in hand to take.
    • 1624, Ben Jonson, The Masque of Owls at Kenilworth:

      The place their maids and their makes / At dancing and wakes, / Had their napkins and posies / And the wipers for his or her noses

    • 1684, Meriton, Reward Ale:

      However then typically I assumed, it is a black Crake / That by no means to her-sell can get a Make.

    • 1678 (later reprinted: 1855), John Ray, A Hand-book of Proverbs:
      Each cake hath its make; however a scrape cake hath two.

Etymology 3[edit]

Origin unsure.


make (plural makes)

  1. (Scotland, Eire, Northern England, now uncommon) A halfpenny. [from 16th c.]
    • 1826, Sir Walter Scott, Woodstock; Or, the Cavalier:

      the final we will have, I take it; for a make to 1,000,000, however we trine to the nubbing cheat to-morrow.

    • 1934, Lewis Grassic Gibbon, Gray Granite, Polygon 2006 (A Scots Quair), web page 606:
      Solely as he climbed the steps did he thoughts that he hadn’t even a meck upon him, and turned to leap off because the tram with a showd swung grinding right down to the Harbour []

Etymology 4[edit]

Origin unclear.


make (plural makes)

  1. (East Anglia, Essex, out of date) An agricultural device resembling a scythe, used to chop (harvest) sure vegetation comparable to peas, reeds, or tares.
    • 1797, Arthur Younger, Basic View of the Agriculture of the County of Suffolk: Drawn Up for the Consideration of the Board of Agriculture and Inside Enchancment, web page 73:
      Harvest.—When left for seed, they’re lower and wadded as pease, with a make.
      Produce.—From three to 6 sacks an acre.
    • 1811, William Gooch, Basic view of the agriculture of the county of Cambridge; drawn up for the consideration of the Board of Agriculture and Inside Enchancment, web page 142, part VI “Pease”:
      Harvest. Taken up by a pease-make, and left in small heaps, and turned as usually because the climate could make it crucial.


  • make at OneLook Dictionary Search
  • make in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911.





  1. (archaic) singular current subjunctive of maken



From Proto-Polynesian *mate, from Proto-Malayo-Polynesian *m-atay, *atay, from Proto-Austronesian *m-aCay, *aCay (examine Cebuano matay, Chamorro matai, Fijian mate,, Ilocano matay, Indonesian mati, Javanese mati, Kapampangan mate, mete, Malagasy maty, Maori mate, Rapa Nui mate, Tagalog matay, Tahitian mate)



  1. demise
  2. peril



  1. (stative) to die; lifeless
  2. (stative) to faint




  1. Rōmaji transcription of まけ

Center English[edit]



  1. Various type of maken

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]


From Outdated Norse maki


make m (particular singular maken, indefinite plural maker, particular plural makene)

  1. a mate (particularly animals and birds), a partner
  2. an equal, match, peer
  3. certainly one of a pair (e.g. shoe, sock)
  4. one thing that’s related or alike

Derived phrases[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]


From Outdated Norse maki


make m (particular singular maken, indefinite plural makar, particular plural makane)

  1. a mate (particularly animals and birds), a partner
  2. an equal, match, peer
  3. certainly one of a pair (e.g. shoe, sock)
  4. one thing that’s related or alike

Derived phrases[edit]



máke 1a (plural bómáke 2a)

  1. my mom


This noun wants an inflection-table template.



From Outdated Swedish maki, from Outdated Norse maki, from Proto-Germanic *makô. Doublet of maka.



make c

  1. (barely archaistic or formal) a partner, a husband, a married man (principally referring to a particular relation)
    Hon hade inte sett sin make på hela dagen.

    She had not seen her husband all day.
    Makarna hade råkat ta in på samma hotell.

    The person and his spouse occurred to board on the similar lodge.
  2. one thing alike (in high quality)
    Ingen hade sett svärdets make.

    No one had seen a sword like this.




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