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meal – Wiktionary

English[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Center English mel, from Previous English mǣl (measure, time, event, set time, time for consuming, meal), from Proto-West Germanic *māl, from Proto-Germanic *mēlą, from Proto-Indo-European *meh₁- (to measure).

Cognate with West Frisian miel, Dutch maal (meal, time, prevalence), German Mal (time), Mahl (meal), Swedish mål (meal); and (from Indo-European) with Historical Greek μέτρον (métron, measure), Latin mensus, Russian ме́ра (méra, measure), Lithuanian mẽtas. Associated to Previous English mǣþ (measure, diploma, proportion).

Noun[edit]

meal (plural meals)

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  1. Meals that’s ready and eaten, normally at a selected time, and normally in a relatively massive amount (versus a snack).

    Breakfast is the morning meal, lunch is the midday meal, and dinner, or supper, is the night meal.

    • c1450, Secreta Secretorumː
      He that may solid meal upon meal will not be in a position to have (a) lengthy life.
    • c1500, The King and the Hermitː
      I’ve been there and brought deal / And have had many (a) merry meal.
    • 1535?, Dyfference Astronː
      However above all issues beware that thou eat not until thou really feel thy abdomen empty and that it hath made good digestion of the primary meal.
    • 1569, Fenton, Wondersː
      In addition to he was so fantastical and unruly in his appetites, that he used no frequent meats at his meals, however was fed with the combs of cocks, the tongues of peahens.
    • 1606, Bodleyː
      Sir, I used to be thrice at Lamhith, to have dined with the Archeb since your departure, and nonetheless he was to dine, on the Court docket or with some Bishop. However I have to and can discover him as quickly as I’ll: and moderately at a meal, then in any other case, as a result of I might have means, to take part at massive, about our Collation.
    • 1606, William Shakespeare, Macbethː
      Ere we’ll eat our meal in concern, and sleep within the affliction of those horrible desires that shake us nightly.
    • 1640, Richard Brathwait, Ar’t asleep Husband? A BOULSTER LECTURE, Saved with all number of witty Jests, merry Tales, and different nice passages; extracted from the choycest Flowers of Phi∣losophy, Poesy, historic and moderne Historical pastː
      Give me however so many meals, and thou shalt discover me one of many strongest Turkish males that ever English gennet bore.
    • 1796, Robert Bage, Hermsprong: or, Man As He Is Notː
      This letter was written while my hostess of the George was making ready the final meal I ever was to eat.
    • 1835, Edgar Allan Poe, The Unparalleled Journey of One Hans Pfaallː
      Puss, who appeared in an important measure recovered from her sickness, now made a hearty meal of the lifeless chicken, after which went to sleep with a lot obvious satisfaction.
    • 1837-1839, Charles Dickens, The Adventures of Oliver Twistː
      Certainly, the worthy gentleman, stimulated maybe by the instant prospect of being in energetic service, was in nice spirits and good humor; in proof whereof, it might be right here remarked, that he humorously drank all of the beer at a draught; and didn’t utter, on a tough calculation, greater than fourscore oaths throughout the entire progress of the meal.
    • 1982, Steven King, The Darkish Tower: The Gunslingerː
      After the meal, he rinsed the cans from which they’d eaten (marveling once more at his personal water extravagance), and when he circled, Jake was asleep once more.
    • 2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Vitality”, in American Scientist, quantity 101, quantity 4:

      Vitality has seldom been discovered the place we want it once we need it. Historical nomads, wishing to push back the night chill and luxuriate in a meal round a campfire, needed to gather wooden after which spend effort and time coaxing the warmth of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame. With extra settled individuals, animals had been harnessed to capstans or caged in treadmills to show grist into meal.

    • 2016, Melissa Clark, Take into account This Permission to Eat Burrata for Dinner in The New York Occasionsː
      On this recipe, I’m going even additional, including a sturdy salad to show a lone cheese right into a satisfying summer season meal.
  2. Meals served or eaten as a repast.
    • a1450, The Macro Playsː
      If thou wilt fare effectively at meat and meal, come and observe me.
    • 1855, Walt Whitman, Leaves of Grassː
      That is the meal pleasantly set … . that is the meat and drink for pure starvation. It’s for the depraved simply the identical because the righteous.
    • 2012 March-April, Anna Lena Phillips, “Sneaky Silk Moths”, in American Scientist, quantity 100, quantity 2, web page 172:

      Final spring, the periodical cicadas emerged throughout jap North America. Their huge numbers and brief above-ground life spans impressed awe and irritation in people—and made for good meals for birds and small mammals.

  3. (out of date) A time or an event.
    • The Lamentation of the Virgin Mary (MS. Cantab., Ff. ii., 38, fol. 47.), in: 1847, Thomas Wright (editor), The Chester Performs: A Assortment of Mysteries based upon scriptural Topics, and previously represented by the Trades of Chester at Whitsuntide, vol. II, p. 208f.:
      Ye wolde wepe at each mele;
      However for my sone wepe ye by no means a dele.

      You’ll weep at each meal, however for my son you by no means weep a deal.
    • a1400?-a1470?, in: 1999/2006, The Governance of England: In any other case known as The Distinction between an Absolute and a Restricted Monarchy. By Sir John Fortescue. A Revised Textual content edited with Introduction, Notes, and Appendices by Charles Plummer, p. 132:
      [] by event whereoff thai woll than at every mele groche with the kinge []

      [] by event whereof they may, then at each meal, grouch with the king []
    • a1450, Henry Lovelich, The Historical past of the Holy Grailː
      Which was to them a sorry meal.
    • a1450, Henry Lovelich, Merlinː
      Additionally quickly because the dragons collectively feal, betwixt them shall start a sorry meal.
    • a1450, The York Playsː
      What imply ye.. to make mourning at ilk a meal?
    • 1481, William Caxton, Reynard the Foxː
      I shall do late you’ve got a lot that ten of you shouldn’t eat it at one meal.
    • a1500, Alexander-Cassamus Fragmentː
      Of all of the day all through, hold I no higher meal than on her to assume.
    • c1500, In A Chyrchː
      Thou couth effectively weep at each meal.
Utilization notes[edit]
  • Within the third sense, meal is a fossil phrase and is normally discovered within the archaic/out of date phrase “at each (ilk a) meal” that means “whenever”, confer additionally “at ilk a tide”. It fell out of frequent utilization within the late 15th century. Additionally, “at one meal” generally meant at a time, directly, at one time or in a single go; see additionally German auf einmal (actually upon one meal). “To maintain (the) meal” in all probability used to imply “to make use of/spend one’s time”. A “sorry meal” used to imply a “grim event” reminiscent of a combat, setback, mishap or some kind of different misfortune.
  • Meal, within the sense of “time” or “event”, additionally survives in different set phrases, reminiscent of piecemeal (one piece at a time), footmeal (one foot at a time), heapmeal (in massive numbers) and so on.
References[edit]

The Center English Dictionary

Hyponyms[edit]
Derived phrases[edit]
Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Center English mele, from Previous English melu (meal, flour), from Proto-Germanic *melwą (meal, flour), from Proto-Indo-European *melh₂- (to grind, mill). Cognate with West Frisian moal, Dutch meel, German Mehl, Albanian miell, Proto-Slavic *melvo (grain to be floor) (Bulgarian мливо (mlivo)), Dutch malen (to grind), German mahlen (to grind), Previous Irish melim (I grind), Latin molō (I grind), Tocharian A/B malywët (you press)/melye (they tread on), Lithuanian málti, Previous Church Slavonic млѣти (mlěti), Historical Greek μύλη (múlē, mill). Extra at mill.

Noun[edit]

meal (countable and uncountable, plural meals)

  1. The coarse-ground edible a part of varied grains typically used to feed animals; flour or a coarser mix than flour.
    • 2013 July-August, Henry Petroski, “Geothermal Vitality”, in American Scientist, quantity 101, quantity 4:

      Historical nomads, wishing to push back the night chill and luxuriate in a meal round a campfire, needed to gather wooden after which spend effort and time coaxing the warmth of friction out from between sticks to kindle a flame. With extra settled individuals, animals had been harnessed to capstans or caged in treadmills to show grist into meal.

Derived phrases[edit]
Coordinate phrases[edit]
Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

meal (third-person singular easy current meals, current participle mealing, easy previous and previous participle mealed)

  1. (intransitive, out of date) To yield or be plentiful in meal.
    • 1876, Notes and Queries (web page 73)
      In fact the yield of grain was small, however a lot better than may have been anticipated; and, the ears being effectively stuffed, it mealed effectively. The pastures had been wiped out, in order that there was nothing left for the cattle to eat.

Etymology 3[edit]

Variation of mole (evaluate Scots mail), from Center English mole, mool, from Previous English māl, mǣl (spot, mark, blemish), from Proto-Germanic *mailą (wrinkle, spot), from Proto-Indo-European *mey- (to soil). Extra at mole.

Noun[edit]

meal (plural meals)

  1. (Britain dialectal) A speck or spot.
  2. An element; a fraction; a portion.

Verb[edit]

meal (third-person singular easy current meals, current participle mealing, easy previous and previous participle mealed)

  1. (transitive) To defile or taint.
    • c. 1603–1604, William Shakespeare, “Measvre for Measure”, in Mr. William Shakespeares Comedies, Histories, & Tragedies: Printed Based on the True Originall Copies (First Folio), London: Printed by Isaac Iaggard, and Ed[ward] Blount, revealed 1623, OCLC 606515358, [Act IV, scene ii]:

      Had been he meal’d with that / Which he corrects, than had been he tyrannous.

Anagrams[edit]

  • Elam, Elma, Leam, Lema, Malé, alme, amel, lame, lamé, leam, lema, male, mela, mela-

Aromanian[edit]

Different types[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Albanian mal[1][2], cognate to Aromanian mal and Romanian mal with the identical origin.

Noun[edit]

meal n (plural mealuri)

  1. steep, scarped shore area
  2. (figurative) boondocks

References[edit]


Northern Kurdish[edit]

Noun[edit]

meal ?

  1. that means

Romansch[edit]

Different types[edit]

  • (Rumantsch Grischun) mel
  • (Sursilvan) mèl
  • (Surmiran) mêl

Etymology[edit]

From Latin mel, from Proto-Indo-European *mélid.

Noun[edit]

meal m

  1. (Sutsilvan) honey

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Center Irish melaim (I get pleasure from), from Proto-Celtic *mel (gentle), probably in the end from Proto-Indo-European *melh₂-, supply of English gentle, Previous Irish meldach.

Verb[edit]

meal (previous mheal, future mealaidh, verbal noun mealadh or mealtainn, previous participle mealte)

  1. get pleasure from

Synonyms[edit]

Derived phrases[edit]

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