Grocery store chain within the northeastern United States
The Cease & Store Grocery store Firm, referred to as Cease & Store, is a sequence of supermarkets situated within the northeastern United States. From its beginnings in 1892 as a small grocery retailer, it has grown to incorporate 415 shops chain-wide.
Cease & Store has been a completely owned subsidiary of the Dutch grocery store operator Ahold since 1995 and was a part of the Cease & Store/Large-Landover division with sister chain Large-Landover between 2004 and 2011. Ahold introduced on June 24, 2015, that it could merge with Brussels-based Delhaize Group, a Belgian grocery retailer conglomerate whose U.S. grocery operations included Hannaford of Scarborough, Maine and Meals Lion of Salisbury, North Carolina. The merger was accomplished on July 24, 2016, with the brand new holding firm being named Ahold Delhaize.
Cease & Store’s roots could be traced again to 1892, when Solomon and Jeanie Rabinowitz opened a grocery store, referred to as the “Greenie Retailer”, at 134 Salem Road, in Boston’s North Finish. This retailer operated at this location till 1908. In line with the corporate’s website online, Cease & Store was based in 1914 in Somerville, Massachusetts, by the Rabinowitz household because the Economic system Grocery Shops Firm. 4 years later, the shop adopted the brand new self-service grocery store mannequin not too long ago pioneered by Piggly Wiggly. A second retailer opened later in 1914, a number of shops opened a yr later and by 1917, the chain had 15 shops. Initially the shops bought solely grocery objects however quickly after added meats, produce, milk, dairy, and a few frozen meals. Like A & P, they have been pioneers of the trendy grocery retailer, promoting all forms of meals objects below one roof. Shops have been 10,000 to 15,000 sq. toes and in downtown and interior metropolis areas within the Boston and Springfield metro areas. The chain had grown to 86 supermarkets by 1946, when the identify was formally modified to Cease & Store, Inc.
In 1959, Cease & Store had 100 shops by opening in Natick, Massachusetts. In 1961, Cease & Store purchased the now-defunct division retailer chain Bradlees, primarily based in Connecticut. Later, within the 60s, they purchased the three-store chain ORBIT’S shops and merged them into Bradlees. Cease & Store shops in Massachusetts have been opening in suburban areas and in buying plazas. Within the early 1950s, Cease & Store entered Connecticut and Rhode Island, within the early 1960s in New York, and the late 1960s in New Jersey. With Bradlees within the firm, Cease & Store started providing non-food objects of their supermarkets. In lots of areas Cease & Store and Bradlees have been adjoining, permitting one-stop buying; a number of of those mixture shops have been designated Household Facilities. Cease & Store additionally operated the Medi-Mart pharmacy chain and the Perkins Tobacco chain.
In 1980, Cease & Store had supermarkets in Massachusetts, Connecticut, Rhode Island, New Jersey, and southern New York state. The shops have been then typical in measurement at about 30,000 sq. toes (2,800 m2) on common. Many have been subsequent door to their then-co-owned Bradlees Shops. Within the New York and Philadelphia metro areas, Cease & Store was not capable of compete efficiently. In 1982, Cease & Store exited New Jersey, promoting a lot of the shops that have been worthwhile to A&P, which might use these shops to switch their growing old fleet of shops. A couple of shops have been bought to Store Ceremony homeowners in addition to Foodtown homeowners. Different shops have been closed and transformed to different makes use of. In New York State, they bought a few of their shops to A&P whereas promoting others to Grand Union and shutting others, changing them additionally to different makes use of.
In 1982, Cease & Store constructed its first superstore within the Pembroke, Massachusetts, space. Superstores have been between 45,000 sq. toes (4,200 m2) and 80,000 sq. toes (7,400 m2). Along with conventional grocery store choices, these shops featured bakeries, pharmacies, reasonable picks of common merchandise one wouldn’t look forward to finding at a grocery store, expanded deli departments, cafes, and a salad bar. A few of these shops would function a financial institution, expanded liquor and beer, video leases, and so on. All through the 1980s and into the 1990s, the normal supermarkets have been transformed into superstores. Some have been reworked, others have been torn down and a brand new retailer rebuilt in the identical location, whereas others have been closed and changed with a superstore inside two miles.
In early 1985 Cease & Store purchased the small low cost retailer chain Almy’s. The final Almy’s shops closed in 1987.
Within the late 1980s, following an try hostile takeover bid by Herbert Haft’s Dart Group, The Cease & Store Grocery store Firm was acquired by leveraged buyout specialists Kohlberg Kravis Roberts and was taken non-public. Shortly thereafter, Medi-Mart was bought to Walgreens; Bradlees was spun off as its personal company. After a number of years, whereas KKR explored merger prospects with Safeway (which it additionally managed on the time), Cease & Store was bought at public providing.
By 1990, Cease & Store operated in Connecticut, Rhode Island, and in Boston and Springfield, Massachusetts. areas, with one retailer in New York state.
In 1994, Large-Landover started northern growth by opening shops in Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey below the Tremendous G commerce identify. This was accomplished to distinguish itself from future sister firm Large Meals Shops of Carlisle, Pennsylvania. Throughout 2005, the newly shaped Cease & Store/Large made the choice to section out the Tremendous G identify in New Jersey and Delaware. In New Jersey, 4 Tremendous G shops have been shuttered and the remaining eight shops have been transformed to the Tremendous Cease & Store banner and have become part of Cease & Store’s New York Gross sales Division in an try to revive gross sales on the shops. These shops continued to underperform and have been subsequently bought in 2007 to ShopRite franchise homeowners. The Delaware Tremendous G shops have been to be reworked below the Tremendous Cease & Store format and reopened below the Tremendous Large banner. Tremendous G shops in Pennsylvania have been usually near Large-Carlisle areas and have been transformed to Large of Carlisle shops however continued to be unionized in contrast to a lot of the different Carlisle bannered shops.
Cease & Store was purchased by Ahold USA, Inc. in 1995. Ahold had beforehand purchased First Nationwide Supermarkets, whose Edwards Tremendous Meals Shops and Finast chains additionally had a powerful presence in Connecticut; Ahold deliberate to function each Edwards and Cease & Store there. Nevertheless, within the wake of the acquisition, Connecticut Legal professional Common Richard Blumenthal raised antitrust questions, as Cease & Store and Edwards mixed had greater than half of the grocery share in Connecticut. Following negotiations with Blumenthal, Ahold determined to transform its New England shops to the Cease & Store banner, whereas promoting some areas to different chains corresponding to Shaw’s, Store Ceremony, and Grand Union. Ahold additionally started constructing just a few shops below the Edwards Tremendous Meals Shops banner in New York state and New Jersey. Ahold additionally acquired 26 unbiased Mayfair Foodtown shops in that space, changing them to Edwards. In 1998 and 1999, a number of Tremendous Cease & Store shops have been constructed within the Poughkeepsie space.
In 1999, Ahold and the New Jersey-based Pathmark entered merger talks, and a deal was struck below which Ahold would purchase Pathmark and rebrand Edwards and its Carlisle, Pennsylvania primarily based sibling Large below its banner. After the federal government rejected the deal on account of their perception that Ahold would maintain too massive a stake within the grocery retailer market within the New York and Pennsylvania areas, Ahold finally pulled out as a result of they weren’t prepared to make a sequence of divestments essential for approval.
In 2000, Ahold determined once more to attempt to rebrand the Edwards shops and finally determined to deliver the Cease & Store chain again to the New York space. By the top of 2000 the rebranding was full and the Edwards identify was discontinued.
In 2001, Ahold made strikes to develop the Cease & Store model additional into New Jersey and New York; these got here as Grand Union, one in every of its rivals, was going via a chapter liquidation. By a sequence of strikes, C&S Wholesale Grocers acquired the Grand Union chain of shops and downsized it considerably, promoting lots of its New Jersey and New York space shops to Ahold. Ahold in flip began supplying these shops with merchandise however
didn’t instantly rebrand their acquisitions to Cease & Store; that will occur within the spring and summer season of 2001.
In 2003, Ahold acquired lots of the A&P Foodmart areas within the Hartford, Connecticut space, Rhode Island, Massachusetts, and the one remaining New Hampshire retailer. Different A&P areas in that area closed or have been bought to different grocery store chains. In 2004, Ahold built-in Cease & Store Supermarkets with Large Meals LLC and created one mixed firm with the identify of Cease & Store/Large-Landover.
In 2006, Cease & Store signed a contract with Starbucks, putting the espresso store chain’s licensed shops inside sure supermarkets. Many Cease & Store shops function Dunkin’ Donuts retailers inside the shop. Additionally in Could 2006, Cease & Store started piloting the Buying Buddy program in choose shops in Massachusetts and Connecticut. The Buying Buddy is a private buying assistant that enables clients to trace their purchases and to do in-cart bagging as they transfer via the shop.
In October 2007, Cease & Store launched an promoting marketing campaign which was meant to have customers submit tales and movies to a web site detailing their grocery retailer experiences. The marketing campaign was vital in that it’s an early instance of a regional conventional model using Net 2.zero ideas corresponding to user-generated content material to advertise their shops.
In 2007, Cease & Store made an try to develop additional into northern New England. They constructed, however didn’t function, a single Vermont retailer in Rutland earlier than promoting it to rival grocery store operator Delhaize. Delhaize opened the shop below its Hannaford banner in February 2008.
In July 2007, Cease & Store opened a single Maine retailer in Kennebunk. The shop was closed in October 2009, citing sluggish gross sales as the first purpose. On the identical time, they deserted plans to construct a second Maine retailer in Portland.Delhaize bought the vacant Kennebunk location in December 2009 and later reopened the property below the Hannaford banner.
On August 22, 2008, Cease & Store modified its brand as a re-branding challenge together with its sister firm, Large-Landover. In August 2009, Cease & Store introduced closures and re-brandings for a big portion of the licensed Starbucks shops opened in 2006.
By late 2013, Cease & Store operated shops in Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, New York, and New Jersey. Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Rhode Island particularly, have a really sturdy Cease & Store base. All six of the remaining New Hampshire shops had closed in August 2013, marking the chain’s departure from northern New England. A couple of Connecticut shops, in Bridgeport, Hamden, and Orange, additionally closed throughout the two subsequent years.
In April 2015, Cease & Store began development of an anaerobic digester at its distribution heart in Freetown, Massachusetts, which now provides 40% of the location’s electrical energy wants.
In July 2015, Cease & Store introduced the intentions to buy 25 shops from A&P (which filed for Chapter 11 chapter earlier that month), together with A&P’s most worthwhile location in Mt. Kisco, New York, and convert all the bought shops to the Cease & Store banner by the top of November 2015. On September 22, 2015, the sale of 25 A&P shops to Cease & Store and 70 A&P shops to competitor Acme Markets was permitted by a decide in federal chapter court docket. Many of the shops bought by Cease & Store and Acme had been working below the Pathmark or Waldbaum’s banners (A&P had acquired Waldbaum’s in 1986 and had purchased Pathmark in 2007). As of March 2018, Cease & Store operated 411 shops all through the three southern New England states, in addition to in downstate New York and northern New Jersey.
In October 2018, Cease & Store started renovations at lots of their Hartford, Connecticut regional shops and commenced including new options to those shops together with cafes, in-store meat people who smoke, smoothie bars and taqueria stations. A brand new model of the outdated brand was additionally applied at these shops which is able to function a check marketplace for the whole chain.
On January 4, 2019, it was introduced that Cease & Store can be buying the King Kullen grocery store chain on Lengthy Island. Cease & Store would purchase the chain’s 32 King Kullen and 5 Wild By Nature shops. On April 17, 2020, it was introduced that the deal was set to shut on April 30, 2020. Nevertheless, on June 10, 2020, it was introduced that the acquisition deal had been terminated and that King Kullen would stay unbiased on account of “unexpected modifications within the market”. 
In 1999, one in every of Cease & Store’s shell firms bought a property in Quincy with deed restrictions explicitly naming Cease & Store because the beneficiary. The restrictions state that the property can’t be used to promote recent fruit and veggies, baked items, dairy merchandise, frozen meals, fish, poultry, and meat. The restrictions stay in impact for a complete of 99 years. The property, which was bought by Daniel J. Quirk and developed as a automotive dealership, sits straight throughout the freeway from a Tremendous Cease & Store. In 2003 Connecticut Legal professional Common Richard Blumenthal, who has since turn into a U.S. senator, opened an investigation into Cease & Store for its land-acquisition practices and allegations of anti-competitive conduct within the early 1990s, mentioned Jaclyn Falkowskie, spokeswoman for the Connecticut Legal professional Common. Investigators, nevertheless, discovered that Cease & Store’s actions didn’t violate the state’s antitrust legal guidelines and the investigation was closed, she mentioned. Whatever the technique’s legality, shopper advocates discover fault as a result of it limits the potential variety of supermarkets in an space, lowering competitors and choice for shoppers. One other shell firm with ties to Cease & Store positioned comparable deed restrictions on a property in Harwich earlier than promoting it to Eastward Houses Enterprise Belief in 2006. The wording is materially comparable, going as far as to checklist particular manufacturers of pet meals below restriction. The restrictions can stay in place for as much as 90 years.
Contract negotiations and problems
On February 17, 2007, the collective bargaining agreements between Cease & Store administration and its workers expired after three years. In an try to keep up their present well being care advantages, union staff threatened to strike. Cease & Store needed workers to share the price of well being care, however union staff believed Cease & Store ought to pay it in full. Staff have been paying co-payments for workplace visits and medical procedures, in addition to deductibles for well being care prices and hospital prices. The grocery chain needed to implement weekly contributions of between $5 and $21 on prime of the co-payments. These charges would improve over the course of the three-year contract.
At midnight on February 23, 2007, grocery staff on the Cease & Store grocery store chain in Connecticut, Rhode Island, and Massachusetts had voted overwhelmingly to reject a contract proposal and to authorize a strike in opposition to the grocery chain. The contracts for United Meals and Business Staff Locals 328, 371, 919, 1445, and 1459 expired on February 17, 2007, and have been prolonged to cowl till February 22, 2007, however the union and the grocery chain agreed to increase the deadline two extra days, to midnight of Saturday, February 24, 2007. Officers with Cease & Store and the United Meals and Business Staff continued negotiating via Friday, March 2, 2007, extending the contract till 12:01 a.m. Saturday, March 3, 2007, provided that talks have been scheduled to proceed via Friday. Each side prolonged the negotiations, which resumed Monday, February 26, 2007. On Saturday, March 3, 2007, the 5 unions concerned gave the corporate a complete contract proposal that lined each facet of their 5 agreements and recognized what they believed to be a good and equitable contract for everybody. On Wednesday, March 7, 2007, the 5 locals representing staff in Connecticut, Rhode Island and Massachusetts scheduled voting on a brand new contract for Sunday, extending the strike deadline to Monday, March 12, 2007. The locals delivered a complete contract to Cease & Store negotiators Saturday and the 2 sides took a break from bargaining to permit the corporate to go over the proposal. Roughly 43,000 unionized Cease & Store staff in three states may have both had a brand new contract that Sunday or begun strolling picket strains, presumably that Monday, based on union officers.
The stop-and-go negotiations between Cease & Store and its 5 unions got here to a conclusion with a three-year contract overwhelmingly ratified by union members throughout New England, and a strike was averted. Along with raises and retroactive funds, Cease & Store made modifications relating to medical insurance. Full-time staff can be required to contribute every week to their healthcare plans, whereas part-time staff would proceed to make no contributions towards well being care premiums, retaining the present apply which lined union staff’ medical insurance solely aside from co-payments and deductibles.
The 2016 collective bargaining settlement between Cease & Store and its union workers expired at midnight on February 23, 2019. In an effort to achieve a memorandum of understanding earlier than the contract’s expiration date, the 5 native chapters of the United Meals and Business Staff Worldwide Union (UFCW) that represents 30,000 of Cease & Store’s workers started negotiating a brand new contract on January 14, 2019. Negotiations all through the rest of January have been promising, with the native chapters figuring out “wording” technicalities with the corporate. Nevertheless, progress was successfully halted in early-to-mid February after Cease & Store introduced their financial and payroll necessities for the upcoming settlement’s time period. The proposal successfully strips all the firm’s union workers of premium pay on nationwide holidays and Sundays (bringing the shop in step with present state legislation, which eradicated Sunday time beyond regulation pay), whereas additionally eliminating any raises, lowering contributions to pensions, and rising healthcare prices. Negotiations continued in good religion between the 2 sides, however with no progress made, UFCW Native 1445 of Massachusetts turned the primary chapter to authorize a strike if wanted on February 24, 2019. Within the following weeks, the members of the 4 different UFCW unions additionally licensed a possible strike as a response to additional progress stagnation. The strike didn’t happen, and negotiations continued sporadically via the primary week of April. On April 3, 2019, federal mediators have been introduced in after the unions rejected Cease & Store’s “final provide” contract. An unfruitful spherical of negotiations overseen by the federal negotiators broke down on April 10, 2019, and a strike was referred to as the subsequent day. Union Cease & Store workers walked off the job at 1:00 p.m. on April 11, 2019, to strike in opposition to the contract posited by Cease & Store. Candidates for the 2020 Democratic presidential nomination, together with Bernie Sanders, the junior senator from Vermont, and former Vice President Joe Biden have said assist for Cease & Store’s workers strike for a good contract.Elizabeth Warren, the senior senator from Massachusetts who can be a candidate for the nomination, joined staff on the Somerville, Massachusetts location to rally for a good new contract and to cross out meals for the hanging staff. In August 2019, Ahold Delhaize reported the 11-day strike resulted in a $345 million loss in gross sales.
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